Selenium Node Container

Selenium 4 Alpha- What to Expect?

Back in August of 2018 the whole testing automation community had been struck by the big news: Simon Stewart, the founding member of Selenium, had officially confirmed the release date and some of the major updates for Selenium 4 at the Selenium Conference in Bangalore. The 4.0 version of the world’s beloved framework for web testing automation was meant to be released by Christmas 2018.

A little delayed, Selenium 4.0 Alpha version is released which can be downloaded from Selenium official website for javascript. Let’s revisit the features which were announced in the Selenium conference and some of the improvements and additional features that are present in this version.

Why Selenium 4.0 is important

If you think that testing automation engineers are the only people in the world who should care about the major update of Selenium, you’re wrong.
Of course, Selenium has become the industry standard for implementing custom automated tests and is considered to be the first go-to solution for every web application that has grown out of an approach where manual testing could have solved the majority of the problems.
But what is often left out of the picture is that businesses that heavily rely on Selenium are not only the ones who have automation QA engineers on their team but also the ones who have integrated codeless automation testing tools based on Selenium.

Selenium-based codeless testing has become a real lifesaver for every business that realizes the importance of automation but doesn’t have in-house QA experts who would be able to implement it. Such tools not only make the deployment possible for anyone with the basic understanding of web browsers but also make it possible to run regression tests, do synthetic monitoring and load testing without any knowledge of Selenium framework at all.

A perfect example of such codeless automation software is CloudQA. On top of Selenium, we’ve developed a tool that requires zero effort from the team, integrates with the third-party applications, makes building test cases easier than ever before, monitors your web page performance 24/7 and costs less than hiring a junior manual tester.

If you want to learn more about the benefits of Selenium-based codeless automation tools, get a free demo.

Selenium 4 major changes

Lets go through the major changes of Selenium 4.0 Alpha version-

W3C WebDriver Standardization

First of all, Selenium 4 WebDriver is completely W3C Standardized. The WebDriver API has grown to be relevant outside of Selenium and has been used in multiple tools for automation. For example, such mobile testing tools as Appium and iOS Driver heavily rely on it. The W3C standard will also encourage the compatibility across different software implementations of the WebDriver API.

Here’s how Selenium Grid communicates with the Driver executables in previous versions:

W3C WebDriver Protocol

A test in Selenium 3.x communicates with the browser at End node through the JSON wire protocol at the local end. This approach requires encoding and decoding of API.

With the updates we’re expecting to see in Selenium 4, the test will directly communicate without any encoding and decoding of API requests through W3C Protocol. Although JAVA bindings will be backward compatible, the focus will remain more on the W3C Protocol. The JSON wire protocol will no longer be used.

There are multiple contributors to the W3C WebDriver specs, and the whole process can be seen on GitHub.

Selenium 4 IDE TNG

Selenium 4 IDE TNG

The Selenium IDE support for Chrome is available now. You can download it from- 

As we all know that Selenium IDE is a record and playback tool. It will now be available with the following, much richer and advanced features:

  • New plug-in system. Any browser vendor will now be able to easily plug into the new Selenium IDE. You’ll be able to have your own locator strategy and Selenium IDE plug-in.
  • New CLI runner. It will be completely based on NodeJS, not the old HTML-based runner, and will have the following capabilities:
    • WebDriver Playback. The new Selenium IDE runner will be based entirely on the WebDriver.
    • Parallel execution. The new CLI runner will also support parallel test case execution and will provide useful information like time taken, and a number of test cases passed and failed.

Improved Selenium Grid

Anyone who has ever worked with Selenium Grid knows how difficult it is to set up and configure. Selenium Grid supports test case execution on different browsers, operating systems, and machines providing parallel execution capability.

There are two main elements of the Selenium Grid: Hub and Node.

Hub acts as a server, a central point to control all the test machines in the network. In Selenium Grid there is only one hub which allocates the test execution to a particular node based on capability matches.

Node, in simple words, is a test machine where test cases actually run.

Selenium Node Container

For more details on Selenium Grid, we suggest reading the complete official tutorial on Selenium Grid.

Until now, the setup process of the Selenium Grid has often caused testers difficulties with the connecting node to the hub.

In Selenium 4, the grid experience has become smooth and easy since there will no longer be any need to set up and start hubs and nodes separately. Once you start a Selenium server, the grid will act as both a hub and node.

Selenium provides three types of grid-

  1. Standalone Mode
  2. Hub and Node
  3. Fully Distributed

The new selenium server jar contains everything which is required to run a grid. It has all the dependencies. The new grid also comes with Docker Support. For now, the docker integration doesn’t make use of UNIX domain sockets, so ensure your docker daemon is listening on port 2375.

For more details, refer to-

Better Observability

“Passive observability is the ability to do descriptive tracing.”  
– Simon Stewart

Observability, logging and debugging is no more confined to DevOps now. As part of the upcoming release, the request tracing and logging with hooks will be improved to provide automation engineers a hold on debugging.

Refreshed Documentation

Documentation plays a key role in the success of any project. Selenium docs have not been updated since the release of Selenium 2.0. Meaning, that anyone trying to learn Selenium in the past several years, had to use the old tutorials.

So, naturally, the renewed and up-to-date documentation, which SeleniumHQ promises to deliver us along with the 4.0 version, has become one of the most anticipated Selenium updates within the testing automation community.

Improvements in Selenium 4.0 Alpha version-

ChromiumDriver and DevTools:

In Selenium 3, EdgeDriver and ChromeDriver have their own implementation inherited from RemoteWebDriver class. In Selenium 4 Chromedriver and EdgeDriver are inherited from ChromiumDriver. ChromiumDriver class has predefined methods to access the dev tools. Consider the below code snippet-

ChromeDriver Script

The above code creates a session to the given URL and executes javascript to print a message. DevTools is a class which has methods to get a handle on developer options.

DevTools can also be used for performance measurement and get page load time.

Better Window and Tab Management

Selenium 4 now has given the capability to work on two different windows at the same time. This is particularly useful when we want to navigate to a new window(or tab) and open a different URL there and perform some action.
Tab Management Script

newWindow() method opens a new window or tab based on the WindowType given in its parameter.

Relative Locators

In Selenium 4 alpha version we can also get locators relative to any other locator.

  • toLeftOf() : Element located to the left of specified element.
  • toRightOf() : Element located to the right of the specified element.
  • above() : Element located above with respect to the specified element.
  • below() : Element located below with respect to the specified element.
  • near() : Element is at most 50 pixels far away from the specified element. The pixel value can be modified.

Full-Screen Snapshot

Now we can take the full page screenshots with getFullPageScreenshotAs() method in the Firefox. But instead of typecasting it to ‘TakesScreenshot’ interface, we need to typecast it to FirefoxDriver instance.

File src = ((FirefoxDriver) driver).getFullPageScreenshotAs(OutputType.FILE);

There might be some more interesting features and improvements, so go ahead and explore!

Automation Testing

Selenium alternatives everyone is talking about - Choose wisely!

What is Selenium?

Selenium is a suite of web browser automation tools to automate browsers across a range of platforms. Even though it’s capable of much more, Selenium tools are used to automate web apps for testing reasons. Jason Huggins created Selenium in 2004 as an internal tool at ThoughtWorks, and for the past several decades, selenium has been a popular automation testing framework.

Selenium provides a playback tool for authoring tests without the need to learn a test scripting language. It is composed of respective components with specific role assists. You may have heard of these:

  1. Selenium RC (RC for Remote Control)
  2. Selenium IDE (IDE for Integrated Development Environment)
  3. Selenium WebDriver
  4. Selenium Grid
Selenium RC was a storm as it allowed the developer to control a browser with a software language of user’s choice! You can go codeless with Selenium or get trapped by the problems it brings to your testing automation. Wait, where did that come from?
Automation Testing

Is Selenium actually a good tool for test automation?

Apple, eBay, Microsoft, Google – these companies chose to work with Selenium from the very beginning. However, let’s talk about the apparent problems that your company can face when working with Selenium. As one of the most popular tools, it has its pros and cons. Let’s concentrate on its cons first as we are talking about the alternatives here.

Disadvantages of Selenium

  1. Skills. It is impossible to make any automation progress if you don’t have skilled developers in your team. If you don’t have someone who can write the automated tests, you can’t improve your automation progress. This problem occurs especially if you’re a small company. In this case, it wouldn’t be cool to make developers write tests.
  2. Lack of knowledge. Often there is not much support for all your questions in the online communities and solving a problem can become a time-consuming process. As an example, support for Selenium using Python is not as broad as Selenium using Java. What are you going to do when the new libraries and updates break the existing tests in your test library?
  3. Time-consuming test cases. Selenium WebDriver has only a programming interface. Your team will have to spend some extra time writing steps for every task.
  4. Difficulties with setting up the test environment. Selenium uses various tools and plug-ins that support test automation. You will have to configure them manually (for instance, if it’s a vendor tool like UFT/QTP, you download and install the tool).

Selenium alternatives to keep in mind

With such a long list of the challenges you can face if you choose Selenium, it is a great idea to consider working with an alternative. You may ask yourself: are there any good Selenium alternatives that do not come with the same challenges? Great news – the answer is yes. Selenium is an open-source tool and some free options may work out as alternatives. However, they may not be the ideal ones.


It is a known fact that Selenium tests are not steady and break from time to time. When new Selenium libraries are introduced, your prior tests become susceptible to breakage. So what is the right Selenium alternative? CloudQA is a platform for automation testing and monitoring. It is built on top of Selenium, but the platform gives you the ease and flexibility right from the stage of recording the test case, tuning it, adding assertions, etc. CloudQA has expanded the capabilities of Selenium and provides you with:

  • Data-driven testing
  • Smart Record & Playback testing with screenshots
  • Random data testing
  • API testing
  • Performance monitoring metrics for workflows of any complexity
  • Configurable features monitoring
  • Detailed test reporting
  • Real browser support – Chrome & Firefox
  • Out of the box 3rd party integrations (Slack, PagerDuty, etc.)
Selenium is a robust tool to automate web applications. However, it is not easy to configure. With CloudQA, you get an out-of-the-box solution to support even the most complex web applications developed using JS frameworks like Angular, Ember, React, Backbone, Knockout, Express, ++. Test automation using native Selenium is a big challenge with these modern web technologies.

Katalon Studio

The Katalon Studio is the best option if you’re looking for a free tool with a wide choice of features. All frameworks, ALM integrations, and plugins are included in a single package for Windows, macOS, and Linux. With Katalon Studio, you get substantial technical support because there are 350K+ automation testers with YouTube channels, GitHub repositories, and Udemy courses dedicated to it. The interface is quite friendly so that you can run your first tests in a few minutes after the installation. Nevertheless, there’s always a “but.” Unlike CloudQA where even a non-technical person can create and run tests, working with Katalon requires some technical skills and knowledge.


It’s another codeless Selenium test automation tool. It provides you with some cool features like Security Testing or Requirements-based Testing, but if you need Test Script Reviews, you won’t find it here. TestCraft customers mention that sometimes random errors appear and they have to refresh the page which is time-consuming. Instead of working on the product’s problems, customers have to solve the problems with a testing tool.

Still Not Sure If Your Company Needs CloudQA? Read this!

Let’s schedule a brief call to discuss the benefits that only CloudQA can offer your business. Drop us a line and we’ll be happy to customize a short demo just for your case. In the meantime, see for yourself why businesses like yours choose CloudQA. Download our free whitepaper and read about the Challenges of testing Single Page Applications with Selenium.

How about you try before you buy? Click here to try CloudQA for free!


Best Selenium IDE Alternative for Complex Web Testing

The Selenium IDE is a record and playback testing tool. A Tester can use it to create test scripts without coding and export them (to Selenium WebDriver) for executing the test. It simplified generating test cases, but due to growing intricacies of web technologies and lack of resources for support, Selenium IDE’s development was shut down.

Being minimal, Selenium IDE is now a popular tool for learning Selenium rather than a solution for creating and maintaining complex test suites. For comprehensive testing, a tester would use Selenium WebDriver. But to learn the ropes of WebDriver is difficult. And even when mastered, it doesn’t make test maintenance any easier.

The IDE and WebDriver from Selenium address the polar sets of testing skills. The gap between these web testing tools is filled by CloudQA.

Why CloudQA in place of Selenium IDE?

CloudQA has the simplicity of Selenium IDE and the vigour of Selenium WebDriver. It can test today’s complex website or web applications. While testing such websites is possible with WebDriver, CloudQA offers the same in a codeless and integrated testing platform.

Test what can never be tested with Selenium IDE:

  • Custom controls like test input, drop down menus etc
  • Nested iFrames
  • Angular JS
  • Picking element CSS path
  • AJAX calls

Do away with the struggles of Selenium WebDriver in a few clicks:

  • Upload a file for data driven testing
  • Execute tests parallely
  • Test with multiple real browsers
  • Schedule tests
  • Integrate with 3rd party tools

Raise the Quality of your QA

We made CloudQA with the purpose of solving the testing difficulties of the less experienced testers and web-product companies who want higher returns on QA.

CloudQA has an intuitive application to manage the recorded test. It has a ton of built in features that aren’t available with any tool in the Selenium’s shed. Say, impact analysis is a feature in CloudQA to see what test cases might get affect in-case a CSS path is modified.

Our platform is built on top of Selenium except it’s in the clouds. It not only allows us to keep the maintenance costs low but also scale testing with speed; beyond the capabilities Selenium’s IDE or WebDriver.

What can you do with CloudQA in 30 days?

You really need to use it to see what we say is true. Sign Up for a 30-day free trial and test your web applications with fully loaded features. You can set it up in minutes and start maintaining your tests from day one.


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Benefits of Managed Testing with CloudQA
Fast track your testing process
why automate functional testing of web application

Why you must automate functional testing of web application in 2019?

why automate functional testing of web application
When you have a commercial web application, you are always challenged to remain competitive.  You are constantly under pressure to roll out new features for your clients. While software developers have adopted agile methodologies to speed up software release cycles, this process can leave your web application vulnerable to bugs. In such a case, to what extent can you validate the reliability of all functionalities?I’ll share some of my experiences and examples to show you how automated tests are crucial to staying ahead of the competition.

Quick time-to-market earns customer loyalty

In my previous firm when we were looking for a team collaboration web app, we approached one of the solution providers. We liked their product but it needed some customization to suit our needs. They promised us a quick delivery.

On the delivery day, we had big smile on our faces. But as we ran the product all of us were left disappointed. The web app failed as it returned erroneous data when fetching information from other productivity apps. It was too buggy to be useful. The whole promise of delivering it first, delivering it best, vanished.

With competitors at every corner, deploying first could reap benefit only when you can assure quality. By automating your functional test suite you are assuring quality in the agreed time. Your ability to deliver will earn you customer loyalty.

Amplified reusability of test scripts

A booking web app can have input parameters with many variations. Say, a date input which varies across the users. The date needs to be tested with various combinations of logins, locations, time, and other user inputs.

With manual testing, any such web app can take hours if not days of work. The same tests can be put on automation. The scripts once made will be repeatedly used for various combinations of inputs. This amplification reduces the effort significantly while testing for a wide range of inputs.

Moreover, manual testing doesn’t reduce your efforts when minor changes are made to a feature. With automation you only need to edit the test case for the changed part. As this takes only a few minutes, the tests can start running immediately. Thus, the feature is deployed much faster.

It is important to note that not all automation frameworks support importing data sets. Some frameworks only allow changing data set from the script. Few other frameworks need variations in the scripts for a single data set. These are laborious and time consuming approaches.

Hence, you must use a framework that allows importing of data sets. By doing this you can test all possible combination of inputs with a single script. This approach gives higher ROI compared to other frameworks.

Improved quality leads to a strong brand

One of my acquaintance (a crazy shopper) has abandoned a shopping site for a small reason. She found that few items in her cart disappeared when she wanted to checkout. The website had a fault – It couldn’t notify the items that cannot be delivered to her location. All her efforts in selecting the items was wasted. She left the website angry.

Although this website offered great discounts, she has not changed her mind. She (like many other users) speaks about this experience in her social circle. The bad review gets compounded and the brand will lose customers for not meeting the quality.

Brand building comes from years of effort. The web app also grows more complex and has chances to ruin the reputation even with small errors. Thus, precision in testing a complex web app is important. Even a diligent tester will make mistakes during manual testing. Automated tests perform the same steps with more precision and never forgets to give detailed results.

Ensuring quality in large number of new releases

Ensuring quality in large number of new releases is difficult even with a QA team. One of our FinTech clients frequently releases features and updates. They have a team of eight QA engineers testing the code developed by thirty developers. The QA team leader is constantly under pressure to sign off on the quality of these releases to production.

For example, last week, they introduced 2 big and 3 smaller features, such as a change in user interface (UI), a new report, as well as stability issues and bug fixes. And these needed to be live in two days.

This is a tall order to manage. To avoid having to spend nights and weekends at work, their team adopted CloudQA to automate their entire regression test suite. The team made their workload manageable while ensuring that the releases maintained quality.

Enhanced test coverage boosts team morale

Imagine this – you have a team of manual testers, working on functional testing to be released into production in few days. The usual constraints and glitches (like environment not up or the build failed or smoke test failed) shorten the duration to one day, they try their level best and make the release. The next day your client reports a priority one bug. You could take out the frustration on your team thereby making the team frustrated.

Automating would help the team to perform exploratory testing in parallel or perform integration testing before the release. The unimpeded performance of the product will help boost the morale of your team.

We can help in improving the functional quality

CloudQA can help you in deploying high quality web applications faster. TruRT, our functional test tool will help you in building a comprehensive test suites. You can amplify reusability of test scripts, get precision in testing of complex web apps, and boost capabilities of your QA team.

You can write us at [email protected]


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Selenium Automation

Why Selenium is the “Best Open Source Tool” for Automation Testing?

Selenium Automation

Why Selenium is the “Best Open Source Tool” for Automation Testing

Technology has provided us with options, but most of the options are not sustainable! They live for a shorter duration and then turn to history! Today technology needs to be unlimited, unconditional, Adaptive to change and seamless, could you think of any tools/technologies that are progressive and stable for more than a decade? We have…

Selenium – A Solid Start later caught up with Hiccups

Jason Huggins who was working with ThoughtWorks was testing an internal application when doing the same thing made him realize, he needs a tool that could reduce manual efforts. He created a Javascript library that later became as Selenium Core and is the base of Selenium Remote Control [RC] and Selenium IDE.

Selenium RC was a storm as it allowed you to control a browser with a software language of user’s choice!

However, the hurricane was obstructed by web apps and the fundamental nature of Selenium based on javascript causing security issues. Simon in Google thought of challenging these limitations and created WebDriver, that was just a perfect solution to Selenium limitations. The brilliant minds gave Automation industry a magic wand with the merging of Webdriver and Selenium in 2008 to provide a standard set of features for all users. Simon the creator of webdriver says –

“Why are the projects merging? Partly because WebDriver addresses some shortcomings in selenium (by being able to bypass the JS sandbox, for example. And we’ve got a gorgeous API), partly because selenium addresses some shortcomings in WebDriver (such as supporting a broader range of browsers) and partly because the main selenium contributors and I felt that it was the best way to offer users the best possible framework.”

Selenium – The Journey

A Quick Glance on what were the different versions of Selenium –

Selenium VersionFeatures/Description
Selenium Remote Control [Selenium RC]The basic version that was started, however, this is no longer active and used.
Selenium 2 [ Webdriver]It comes with

  1. Object-Oriented API
  2. Backward compatible with Selenium 1
  3. Supports the Webdriver API
  4. Provides Maximum flexibility
Selenium IDESelenium IDE (Integrated Development Environment) is a prototyping tool for building test scripts. It is a Firefox plugin and provides an easy-to- use interface for developing automated tests.
Selenium 3.0Selenium 3 is the latest version and is doing wonders in the Automation sector with its new features and support to codeless testing. If you want to dig more on how Selenium 3 could help you Go Codeless, read on our earlier post – Selenium 3 – A Step closer to Codeless testing!

Looking for the best Selenium IDE Alternative? Checkout CloudQA!

The Road Ahead- Selenium 4.0 and Selenium 5.0

The roadmap of Selenium was discussed in one of the webinars that significantly stresses thatSelenium 3.0 is just a beginning of a new change i.e. W3C Web Driver Implementation that would beintroduced in Selenium 4.0. However, there is speculation that with Selenium 5 Web Driverimplementation may completely be hashed out.The expedition has been adventurous but is sure to sustain with community support, its robustnature and above all as Business author Alan Deutschman said – Change or die! Selenium chose toChange with the latest technology… Would you?

#1   #2   #3


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Automation Testing

The problems of Automation Testing in 2019

Automation Testing

The problems of Automation Testing

Test automation is currently very popular for its ease of operation and how much it lowers costs in the long run. Testing frameworks like CloudQA have had a major impact on the workplace and how fast or efficiently software is developed by saving time, effort and money. However, as part of our ongoing series, we’ve come back to address some problems that most people will encounter at least once in their experiences with test automation. They are:

  1. Preparing a usable database.

    Consistently repeatable results rely, to an extremely large degree, on the data that you use in your database. If you run into problems and suspect it’s a flaw in your data, it might be because you’re using a system that is different from your testing framework to set up the database in question. Additionally, many people use alien database contents which are outside the influence of the reach of their own project. Some projects may also have no dedicated databases used exclusively for automated tests. Manually entering the data stands to disrupt your results, and the testing process itself could end up corrupting data from other users on the same system. Finally, finding and setting up proper test data can be a tedious and difficult process. However, not putting in the effort could result in having to expend even more time and effort when things go awry.

  2. Accessing the CI server.

    The CI or continuous integration environment is an integral part of all testing processes, CloudQA included (?). However, problems with access do occur. Oftentimes, developers responsible for performing configuration tasks don’t have full access to the system. Access can also be hampered if the same server is over-burdened by too many projects, slowing it down and even negatively impacting other projects on the same server. Selenium-based servers are especially prone to this. Another potential problem one can run into is not being able to access all parts of the system simultaneously. This is important, especially in cases of manual testing where multiple parts need to be accessed to effectively reproduce errors in the system.

  3. Web application testing.

    Web application projects rely heavily on test automation nowadays. In these projects, often the test is rendered unstable, and the results vary widely even when the SuT (system under testing) has not been changed from one test to the next. If the SuT is based on a web framework that is hard to test. For example, some web frameworks change the id-values of HTML elements in every instance of someone accessing a page – variables like these will affect your test results. Frameworks like AJAX are also hard to test.

Testing automation saves you time, money and effort – if set up and run correctly. Often, people fault a system for not performing when in reality, the problem usually exists between the chair and the keyboard! It helps if you are aware of the potential problems that might arise on your journey with test automation so you can be prepared for the complications you might need to untangle. So how do you deal with these problems? Tune in to our next article, How to get rid of problems of automation testing, to find out!

If you want to learn more about being more productive with Test Automation, contact us at CloudQA ([email protected])


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Test Automation

Test Automation 102 - What It doesn't do

Test Automation

Test Automation 102: What It Doesn’t Do

Test automation isn’t the easiest process to deal with. It’s often technical nature, and oft-touted miraculous results lead to a lot of miscommunication and expectation management issues between supervisors and engineers who actually have to work the test. Expectation management is an especially crucial aspect, because both the engineer and his or her supervisor needs to be clear about test automation is, and what it can or cannot do. Now, one of the easiest ways to clear the debris of past expectations is to know what exactly test automation can’t do. This might seem like a redundant exercise, but you’ve only to look at the impact of negative spaces in marketing to realise the importance of this exercise! So, getting down to the meat of the matter, here are some of the things that test automation doesn’t do.

  1. It isn’t a magical cure-all. One of the main problems with test automation results is that supervisors tend to rely on it to fix all their problems. Reality? It won’t. It isn’t a substitute for bad coding, it won’t be a balm to slow progress and it certainly won’t make a bad piece of software a good one. It simply tests if the work you have done already is stable, and works as you have programmed it to. it won’t fix your UI for you, nor will it make your code stable. You can’t run your code through a program and have it magically fix everything. If that existed, most developers would be out of jobs! The closest you can get is in cases of stress testing, regression testing, and performance testing. Even there, you’ll still have to fix your foundations yourself!
  2. It isn’t a fix-all alternative to manual testing. Web test automation has a ton of uses and is useful and beneficial to use in a ton of situations. However, there are still some things you need to test manually. For example, test automation won’t tell you things about subjectively human experiences like the feel of a particular software, or its ease of use. The user interface is a particularly tricky area. If you automate too early, and your user interface undergoes massive changes, your costs for script maintenance will go up exorbitantly. Thus, even if you invest in a good automation setup, don’t expect to cut out manual testing altogether. You still need it for areas like UI, installation, compatibility, recovery, and documentation.
  3. Different automation tools don’t solve your automation problems. This is quite a common practice, especially if decision makers don’t fully understand the limitations of test automation. If you are repeatedly running into issues with your test automation software, the problem isn’t the software, and changing it will achieve nothing. You’d be dumping more money into what will ultimately turn out to be a failure. For example, a lot of people automate too early. As laid out in point 2, your script maintenance costs skyrocket when you test an unstable UI. This would lead to a lower ROI, making test automation too expensive to maintain. The problem lay with your usage of the software, though the blame was carried on to it. Thus, you’d be much better off researching into why your framework isn’t giving you the results you want, instead of blindly jumping boats.
  4. It isn’t quality analysis. You need your developers, your engineers and coders to build and maintain your test automation. Test automation deals heavily with the technical aspect of your software, and you need your technical team to be on top of it. It isn’t a part of the quality analysis, it is part of your software development. This fundamental misunderstanding is why most people run into point number 3, above. Save yourself and your project time, and don’t confuse the two. Test automation software will only check for problems that you know you will have. It is an automated software but lacks the creativity of a manual tester or a quality analyst. Even if you have a test automation suite at your fingertips, you can’t conflate it with quality analysis or a quality analyst. Humans may make mistakes, and software may be precise, but humans have access to the one thing software doesn’t come prebuilt with — imagination.
  5. Unit testing doesn’t replace end to end testing. If you’re looking at unit test automation to replace end to end testing, you’ve taken a wrong turn somewhere down the road. Unit testing has its place in the Test Driven Development process, but it will not help you with regressions or with finding bugs in your code. A whole team of well built and well-designed unit tests is an amazing resource to have, and you should invest both time and money into acquiring that. But without end to end test automation, you will run into the Voldemort of the testing world — regression problems. A unit test will check only one part of the code to see if it is functioning as it should. And out of context, this could seem fine. And then you run into the big R word (regression), and you’ll see why an end to end testing is essential to your overall test automation framework.

If you want to learn more about being more productive with Test Automation, contact us at CloudQA ([email protected])


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Test Automation

Test Automation 101 - A Short Introduction

Test Automation

Test Automation 101: A Short Introduction

Test automation refers to specialized software that makes your life much easier. Instead of overworked software engineers looking through a hundred screen and trying a hundred different input combinations manually, you just run the web test automation software, and voila! You know what problems are cropping up, why and where, all at the click of a button.

There are two broad approaches to test automation – GUI testing, and API driven testing. GUI testing, expanded to mean graphical user interface testing, measures things like keystrokes and mouse clicks. This is done to validate the behavior observed and ensure the program is running correctly in relation to these events. It mimics human behavior and mimics how a human would interact with the program, which is only limited to the interface. GUI testing finds bugs early and is a very easy way to conduct regression testing as well.

API driven testing usually bypasses the application’s user interface and uses an entirely programming interface that validates application behavior. Thus, it is a program that checks how the project under consideration interacts with other software, so that end user experience is not hampered. API testing checks compliance, security, and functionality issues.

While these are the traditional approaches, unit testing, i.e, testing of small blocks of code using xUnit frameworks, is a must in agile development. A unit is the smallest part of the program that can be tested and is extremely useful as these form the foundations for component testing.

Test automation is an extremely important part of any software development. It saves time, and it saves money.

Manual testing may take days to set up, and days to execute, and even then, it isn’t 100% accurate. These tests are done repeatedly during development and may extend project timings for weeks. With test automation software like CloudQA, you can have tests and results ready in hours.

To err is human, and humans definitely make a lot of errors. Manual testing, thus, is inherently flawed. However good a worker you may have, he or she is going to make mistakes.

You can cut that margin of error down to 0 when you used automated software, and you’ll get detailed, flawlessly recorded results at the end. All tests have meticulous records attached, so you can go over your mistakes in-depth to understand what went wrong better.

Additionally, test automation software can simulate hundreds or even thousands of users, which manual engineers cannot. Many test automation frameworks don’t even need much technical know-how to operate and reduces stress on the software development side as well.

Knowing what and when you need to start automation will go a long way in helping you develop your software. While test automation plans need to be meticulously planned out, a good rule of thumb is to start early and do it as often as you can. Going for test automation early on in a project helps because one, you get a stable base to build your program, and two, small errors in code at the beginning of the project are both easier and cheaper to fix than reworking your entire code from scratch.

When chalking out your testing plan, do not forget to include functional unit testing to ensure a bug-free end product.

When deciding upon your time-frame for web test automation, there are a couple of pointers you should keep in mind. Test when you feel there is a lot of regression work to be done, when you need to check the load capacity of your software, and when your GUI remains the same, but the functionality of different aspects has changed.

Testing automation software has changed the way software is developed and maintained in the world. It is more reliable than manual testing, and saves a ton of money and time, leading to faster, more efficient and easier to use software that has defined the market in recent years.

If you’ve been having problems in your code, and if your engineers are overworked, if you’re getting closer to your deadlines with a bigger, and bigger workload – testing automation is the right choice for you!

If you want to learn more about being more productive with Test Automation, contact us at CloudQA ([email protected])


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Test Automation

The Secrets of Test Automation

Best Practices of Test Automation

To get maximum ROI out of automation, here are some best practices to be followed:

1. Know what to & what not to Automate

What to Automate?
· Test Cases which are important to be repeated in every release cycle.
· Test Cases which are time-consuming & tedious to execute manually because chances of human errors are high in this case.
· Test Cases which are High Risk or Business Critical.
· Test Cases which are easy to automate makes it cost effective

What Not to Automate?
· Test Cases which are not easy to automate. The effort will out weight the returns in this case.
· Infrequently executed test cases.
· Frequent requirement changing test cases
· Test cases where human intervention is a must.
· Low priority test cases

2. Keep your Tests Dry

Approach the design, implementation, and maintenance of your test suites with the same engineering and craftsman mindset you approach the design, implementation, and maintenance of your system’s data access layer, business logic layer, etc. If you’re not already familiar with the SOLID principles authored by “Uncle Bob” Martin, then take some time to read up on them. These principles are targeted to developers writing systems; however, the same principles apply directly to testers writing automation suites – if perhaps not quite to the same degree.

While I try to pay attention to all the SOLID principles in my test harnesses, I find that the DRY principle (Don’t Repeat Yourself) is especially critical for keeping my sanity as I build and maintain test suites. If you’re going to pick up one new thing about software engineering or craftsmanship, learn to love DRY.

DRY means avoid duplicating things in your test suite. One example of duplication in a test suite include having your element locators (IDs, CSS class names, XPath definitions, etc.) defined in more than one spot. Another example would be having every test perform the same steps to log on to a system.

This sort of duplication doesn’t seem like an issue when you have 20 or 50 tests, but wait until your test suite grows to hundreds or thousands of tests – and then go try to fix failing tests when (not if!) your UI or system flow changes. Duplication of this sort crushes the maintainability of your test suite over time – you spend more time fixing broken tests than you do deliver great value elsewhere.

3. Measure your ROI:

The success of automation cannot be determined by only comparing the manual v/s automation effort, but also by capturing the following metrics:

· Time required for executing automation testing for each and every release cycle
· Reduction in Time taken per release (Productivity improvement)
· Customer satisfaction Index & %age of defects found

It is good to follow a detailed process to achieve the best results from automation. At a high-level automation has following important stages:
A) Planning, Design & Development
B) Execution & Reporting
C) Maintenance

The above guidelines if observed can greatly help in making your automation successful.

Did you Know? If you have chosen CloudQA to handle all your web-testing, you don’t need to plan anything about scripting as it is codeless and keep your tests DRY, making it easier to maintain your tests. CloudQA magically runs all your test cases exactly the way you have recorded. Obviously, it saves you lots of money as well as resource time. You get more bandwidth to focus on important things to develop your product to beat the competition!!!

To know more about this amazing web-testing tool, visit


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Selenium Test Automation

Little Known Ways to start Selenium Test Automation

Selenium is by far the most preferred Test Automation tool for web applications and more people are adopting it for their test automation strategy. As someone new to test automation, do you know what it takes to set up a successful test automation environment and be productive with it? Here are some thoughts.

Selenium Test Automation

Starting out with Selenium

Evaluate the skill set of your existing resources: Identify if you have experienced resources in-house or how you will acquire resources with experience in one of the languages that Selenium supports (Java, C#, Python, Ruby, Php, Perl & Javascript).

Selenium training: Once you have identified the people who will work on your test automation efforts, you have to account for the training period which could be anywhere from a few days to a few weeks depending upon the existing expertise of the individuals.

Test automation framework: Deciding on a framework can take a lot of work. There are a few approaches that are available that you have to evaluate and decide the one that fits best in your environment. The frameworks that exist include behavior driven, data-driven, keyword driven & now agile.

Define Object Repositories: These repositories are a collection of UI and Application object data recorded by the testing tool for the application under test.

Define a test reporting framework: Selenium does not offer any sophisticated reporting mechanism so you will have to decide what type of reports you would want for your test environment – this may include test execution results reports and test management related reports.

Once the items above are addressed, you can start building your web automation tests.

As you can see that building out an effective test environment with Selenium will require commitment, up-front time and qualified resources. For an organization with a large application that has frequent updates, you will also have to prepare for managing the test cases already written & evaluate their usability in an ever-changing environment. Just to get the initial framework ready, you can spend anywhere from a few weeks to a few months before writing a single automation test.

Selenium Productivity Add-ons

While Selenium is probably one of the best test automation tools, you should look at tools that can help you speed up the entire automation process. There are a few Selenium Automation “wrapper” tools that run on top of Selenium and make you a lot more productive and you should definitely not shy away from evaluating them for:
1. Complexity – how complex are they to set up, learn & run
2. Test coverage (what % of selenium features can they support, can they automate, say, 80% of your automation needs with little effort)
3. Test management: Chances are that you will end up with 100’s of test scenarios over a period of time. You want to ensure that can easily manage the test cases
4. Reporting: You should be able to get a wide variety of reports including test execution & analytics with past results
5. Test Execution: You want to ensure that your texts can be validated against multiple browsers
6. Other productivity benefits: check if the tool helps you in your agile development process, CI/CD integration, assist in data-driven testing, etc.

If you want to learn more about being more productive with Selenium, contact us at CloudQA ([email protected])


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