The application developments are very dynamic. Companies are launching new applications; roll out the versions in very short times. This is the constant challenge that most companies face. As the new versions of applications, create capabilities to expand your application, it’s imperative to test your app quickly over an ever expanding variety of devices so your newer versions are as spotless as ever. By Implementing this innovative Cloud based testing you can achieve and ensure optimal performance and user experience regardless of the type of device, browser, operating system, geographical location and network service provider.
Cloud based Testing
A Cloud based Testing for applications can be a potential solution that can offer companies a feasible & viable solution. Cloud based Testing for applications offers Web-based access to a large pool of real devices connected to live networks spread globally, providing enterprises with end-to-end control for manual and automated testing practices.
By now, most enterprises have used or at least have heard about cloud computing. However, with the advent of technology and the rapid increase in the number of users, the need for Cloud computing is increasing fast. Before adopting this new technology for your own business needs, it is important to understand the benefits of Cloud based Testing for your applications.
Distributed teams are more and more common nowadays. For the teams spread across different locations the Cloud based test management platform make it possible to easily collaborate with each other. You can log in from anywhere in the world, at any time, on any device, and get access to the project. The team can access the test environment from different locations anywhere in the world. A central repository for all of your testing efforts that’s updated in real-time makes it infinitely easier to share important data, communicate with each other, and track all of your testing efforts.
Collaboration and Continuous Testing
You can test 24 hours a day. A central server connects to a series of machines located anywhere you want. A tester in any company office can connect to the cloud and select the machine he wants to test his application on. Say the day starts with European testers, moving on to North American team & ends at India QA team. This establishes a 24 hour round the clock testing process that won’t stop until your app is on the market.
This gives numerous companies, especially startups, a competitive edge. For example, if companies have a globally spread teams located on the opposite ends of the world, they can still collaborate on the most complex projects using cloud-based technologies to test their applications. All in all, this speeds up decision-making, and hence helps in speedy delivery of the project.
Benefits of Virtualization
Virtualization of testing on Cloud enables companies to get the best out of their resources with the flexibility and efficient results. As applications become increasingly complex, virtualization brings in the benefit of resource sharing with reduced capital costs.
When you compare regular web automation tools to the cloud based, you can find the cloud based ones at a very reasonable price. In case of regular web automation tools this is obvious from the fact that you need not spend a huge amount of money to upgrade the hardware or infrastructure. Moreover in Cloud based tools, the option of ‘pay as you use’ lets you use the tools only when it is necessary, and therefore, saves on the costs later when you are not using them. This works for most companies, especially the ones who are looking to cut down on their expenses.
Ease of Access
Cloud-based test automation tools are plug and play the moment you buy them. Easy access through the Internet allows team members to work from anywhere, anytime. No more installation woes, setup requirements, hunting for servers, or prepping of hardware to start using them. You can ignore the IT management as it is already covered in services and keep focused on the core functionalities of an enterprise.
Favors Continuous Integration
Continuous Integration – Every time you add a piece of code, test it & then redeploy it. Cloud based Testing for application is ideal for continuous integration. The various tests executed over the test pass, the app immediately moves to production and release. Cloud testing ensures that you can test under larger scenarios right away. New builds can become new versions faster than ever before, benefiting not only the testing team but also the entire development team as well.
Increase the Test Coverage better quality
Nonstop & parallel Cloud based testing of applications gives you the luxury of expanding the amount of scenarios you can cover in the same time period. Cloud testing environments offer highly synchronized and pre-configured architectures. These pre-built environments radically reduce the defects associated with unstable test configurations. With Cloud-based solutions, test your App across different environments. This improves the quality of tests to a great extent as wells as maximum test coverage in the minimum time.
Testing on different environment, more test coverage at lower cost
In most cases, cloud applications have minimal or no upfront cost. It is very much a pay-for-use service which has helped to grow adoption of the model, especially for SMBs. Without hefty fees for licensing and upgrades, the cost of adoption is less of a barrier when cash flow is an issue.
Economical testing solution
No need to buy duplicate devices even if you have more than one testing team located in different offices. Cloud based automation tools requires less hardware, doesn’t have per seat licensing costs and are very cheaper. This implies minimal capital expenditure and depreciation costs. No capital expenditure and much faster deployment times mean you can have minimal project start-up cost and infrastructure cost.
It’s Time Efficient
Like every automation tools cloud base tools too offer high productivity In less time and some additional benefits. Like quick setup, readymade environment setup, scale able and reliable. With Cloud based testing tools, there are no additional needs to advanced testing tools, server configurations, licensing, and testing resources. All of these features allow you complete the testing process within the stipulated time frame, or possibly even before that. Unlike traditional tools, they do not involve a lengthy set up and installation process. Testing can begin almost immediately from anywhere in the world. Faster testing reduces the time to market which gives companies a big competitive advantage.
Coupled with the right web test automation tool like selenium, parallel execution enables you to run the same tests on multiple environments and configurations all at the same time. Instead of being limited to your computer infrastructure, you can run a test on different environments all of their own combination of sizes, versions, operating systems, even under different simulated network conditions.
Using Cloud based Testing for applications enables scalable simulation of virtual users is possible at significantly lower cost. Using a cloud based approach to performance testing, the hardware is all in the cloud, using existing infrastructure. With this approach, servers can be spun up to simulate thousands of virtual users in minutes, with the charges based on a pay for what you use model. Businesses can simply schedule time for a test and resources are automatically provisioned. Licenses are now much more flexible for performance testing tools, with the rise of open source tools allowing even greater savings for comparable quality, when combined with a cloud based load provider.
Real-time Report Generation
Real time report generation of the cloud based tools provide reports thought the testing is in progress. This allows all members of the project team to collaborate in real time on a test, often including software suppliers – so that problems can be identified and rapidly resolved.
Effortless and Reliable IT Management
Cloud based tools are up and running all the time as there is a dedicated team working on the platform. You can expect 24-hour support and you should seek a contract where you’re compensated for any downtime. Reliability should be much higher than with a locally maintained solution that’s serviced by a stretched internal IT department with a lot of other things to attend to.
Cloud based tools cut down a lot of the IT management tasks inherent to traditional tools like installation, licensing, adding/replacing users and simultaneous implementation of upgrades in systems across geographies etc. With less IT management to do, employees can focus on core activities that can make a difference to a company’s business.
It’s a simple fact that projects demand different levels of testing at different points in their life cycle. Whether you automate or bring in more testers to shoulder the increasing burden, you want a management tool that’s easy to scale up and down. Cloud-based versions of the tools can be used for functional testing, performance testing, and many other testing types. In short, they can be used as a complete test management tools. With a cloud-base service you can forget about installation, configuration, and maintenance woes. You have a simple browser log-in that’s accessible on any device, and you can add or remove licenses whenever you need to.
Agile Friendly development
Agile development is the concept that cross-functional teams are involved through-out the development process, unlike the vintage development lifecycles. Cloud based Testing empowers every member with all of the tools at his fingertips regardless of where he is or what he is working on at the current moment. Hence we can say Cloud-based test management tools are agile friendly and flexible.
Traditional Model vs. Cloud-based
An increasing number of applications are migrating from the in-house to cloud-based development environments in order to build their apps more cost efficiently, with lower maintenance and operational costs. There are potential benefits of most of the developers, but not all companies can rely on cloud-based environments due to security, privacy risks, etc,. In fact, all developers & testers must carefully evaluate their needs before committing to either approach to avoid compliance issues and unforeseen expenses.
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Selenium is by far the most preferred Test Automation tool for web applications and more people are adopting it for their test automation strategy. As someone new to test automation, do you know what it takes to set up a successful test automation environment and be productive with it? Here are some thoughts.
Starting out with Selenium
Selenium training: Once you have identified the people who will work on your test automation efforts, you have to account for the training period which could be anywhere from a few days to a few weeks depending upon the existing expertise of the individuals.
Test automation framework: Deciding on a framework can take a lot of work. There are a few approaches that are available that you have to evaluate and decide the one that fits best in your environment. The frameworks that exist include behavior driven, data-driven, keyword driven & now agile.
Define Object Repositories: These repositories are a collection of UI and Application object data recorded by the testing tool for the application under test.
Define a test reporting framework: Selenium does not offer any sophisticated reporting mechanism so you will have to decide what type of reports you would want for your test environment – this may include test execution results reports and test management related reports.
Once the items above are addressed, you can start building your web automation tests.
As you can see that building out an effective test environment with Selenium will require commitment, up-front time and qualified resources. For an organization with a large application that has frequent updates, you will also have to prepare for managing the test cases already written & evaluate their usability in an ever-changing environment. Just to get the initial framework ready, you can spend anywhere from a few weeks to a few months before writing a single automation test.
Selenium Productivity Add-ons
While Selenium is probably one of the best test automation tools, you should look at tools that can help you speed up the entire automation process. There are a few Selenium Automation “wrapper” tools that run on top of Selenium and make you a lot more productive and you should definitely not shy away from evaluating them for:
1. Complexity – how complex are they to set up, learn & run
2. Test coverage (what % of selenium features can they support, can they automate, say, 80% of your automation needs with little effort)
3. Test management: Chances are that you will end up with 100’s of test scenarios over a period of time. You want to ensure that can easily manage the test cases
4. Reporting: You should be able to get a wide variety of reports including test execution & analytics with past results
5. Test Execution: You want to ensure that your texts can be validated against multiple browsers
6. Other productivity benefits: check if the tool helps you in your agile development process, CI/CD integration, assist in data-driven testing, etc.
If you want to learn more about being more productive with Selenium, contact us at CloudQA (firstname.lastname@example.org)
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What is Functional Testing?
A properly written functional test ensures that the system is functioning exactly as the USER expects it to. Functional tests target business goals and typically defined and validated by an expert end user. Since it may not be possible for an expert to test the functionality of the system at each and every step of development, the test cases/scenarios are often documented with their help. This document defines the step by step instructions of system interactions along with the expected outcomes for every test case defined by the expert users. It can then help any user (not just the Expert) to be able to follow the steps to test the software and verify if the outcome is exactly as the expert has defined. To ensure completeness, functional tests should cover both the positive and negative scenarios.
Manual functional testing can be a tedious process as it can take quite a while for a tester to step through each of the steps and verify the outcome/results. When the user goes through these steps each time there is a software update, there is a high probability of erroneous information being entered or captured by the tester resulting in incorrect validations. If the number of test cases is extremely large and complex this problem gets magnified. The manual testing process can, therefore, be extremely laborious, monotonous and error-prone and requires highly dedicated and qualified resources to execute.
This can be overcome by automating the functional tests as much as possible. Granted that not every test can be automated, but even a 50% coverage via test automation can bring about huge relief in time, cost and resources. Once a test scenario is “automated”, it can be run on demand after each software release cycle. The feedback from an automated test is extremely fast compared to the same test run manually.
Consider an example where a test scenario requires a user to traverse through multiple screens, enter data into 20+ fields, select various check boxes, radio buttons, pick a value from a drop-down options, enter date in the right format, validate the response on 5 submit buttons, etc.. A real-life scenario like this can easily take the user over 5-10 minutes each time to run this test. For the same scenario, if the test requires a different data set or a negative test, it means another 5-10 minutes. When you look at multiple data sets and 100’s of test scenarios, it translates to weeks of testing that is required after each major software release. This also causes a bottleneck for the development team to move any further before getting a complete feedback from the test users. If all these test scenarios could be automated, it would take only a couple of hours to go through the tests and feedback cycle to the developers would be extremely fast compared to manually testing all the scenarios. That is a huge saving in terms of time. effort and resources and easily justify adopting functional test automation as much as possible.
A lot of companies, as a standard practice, do not thoroughly test their software application after each minor or major release because of the aforementioned manual testing challenges. The risk that they undertake, however, is extremely high if the software fails in a real-world environment – brand reputation, lost clients, fixes that take too long and that potentially break other parts of the software.
One way to speed up functional testing is through web automation tools. Selenium is one of the few software testing automation frameworks for web applications out there which is open source and has a very large following. It has a set of tools to support test automation in multiple browsers. Web test automation with Selenium, however, is a programming activity and people creating tests should be comfortable with one or more of the few programming languages that Selenium supports (Java, C#, Python, etc.). Even though it might take some time (a few hours or days depending on the complexity of the test case), it can greatly reduce manual repetitive/regression testing efforts after each software release cycle.
There are a few companies that are working towards reducing the time to automate the tests with Selenium by providing a “wrapper” solution which essentially means “automating the Selenium test automation” efforts. However, since there are many types of browser interactions in modern web technologies, not everything can be addressed easily. The goal of a tester should always be to evaluate and use tools & methods that can address the maximum number of test cases with minimum effort.
Automation with CloudQA
There are quite a few testing tools that can assist in automating the functional tests but the challenge faced by most tools is the automation coverage (especially in large software applications). CloudQA has been designed to cover a lot of complex test scenarios. The goal of CloudQA is to cover automation of as many functional test cases as possible. It starts with a unique ability of CloudQA to discover as many test cases as possible of the software application via an auto-learning process. This, in itself, can save test managers weeks (if not months) of discovering scenarios that can be possibly tested. Besides that, some of the complex scenarios that CloudQA handles right out of the box includes
* Table data access
* Auto Suggest boxes
* Variable storage of a dynamic data set
* File Upload tests
* Data-driven testing (for multiple data sets)
* Various types of user assertions (check, check not, etc.)
* Various actions – click, alert, screen snapshot, wait
If you are thinking about automating your functional tests, talk to one of the CloudQA specialists (email: email@example.com)
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