Selenium alternatives everyone is talking about - Choose wisely!
What is Selenium?
Selenium is a suite of web browser automation tools to automate browsers across a range of platforms. Even though it’s capable of much more, Selenium tools are used to automate web apps for testing reasons. Jason Huggins created Selenium in 2004 as an internal tool at ThoughtWorks, and for the past several decades, selenium has been a popular automation testing framework.
Selenium provides a playback tool for authoring tests without the need to learn a test scripting language. It is composed of respective components with specific role assists. You may have heard of these:
- Selenium RC (RC for Remote Control)
- Selenium IDE (IDE for Integrated Development Environment)
- Selenium WebDriver
- Selenium Grid
Is Selenium actually a good tool for test automation?
Apple, eBay, Microsoft, Google – these companies chose to work with Selenium from the very beginning. However, let’s talk about the apparent problems that your company can face when working with Selenium. As one of the most popular tools, it has its pros and cons. Let’s concentrate on its cons first as we are talking about the alternatives here.
Disadvantages of Selenium
- Skills. It is impossible to make any automation progress if you don’t have skilled developers in your team. If you don’t have someone who can write the automated tests, you can’t improve your automation progress. This problem occurs especially if you’re a small company. In this case, it wouldn’t be cool to make developers write tests.
- Lack of knowledge. Often there is not much support for all your questions in the online communities and solving a problem can become a time-consuming process. As an example, support for Selenium using Python is not as broad as Selenium using Java. What are you going to do when the new libraries and updates break the existing tests in your test library?
- Time-consuming test cases. Selenium WebDriver has only a programming interface. Your team will have to spend some extra time writing steps for every task.
- Difficulties with setting up the test environment. Selenium uses various tools and plug-ins that support test automation. You will have to configure them manually (for instance, if it’s a vendor tool like UFT/QTP, you download and install the tool).
Selenium alternatives to keep in mind
With such a long list of the challenges you can face if you choose Selenium, it is a great idea to consider working with an alternative. You may ask yourself: are there any good Selenium alternatives that do not come with the same challenges? Great news – the answer is yes. Selenium is an open-source tool and some free options may work out as alternatives. However, they may not be the ideal ones.
It is a known fact that Selenium tests are not steady and break from time to time. When new Selenium libraries are introduced, your prior tests become susceptible to breakage. So what is the right Selenium alternative? CloudQA is a platform for automation testing and monitoring. It is built on top of Selenium, but the platform gives you the ease and flexibility right from the stage of recording the test case, tuning it, adding assertions, etc. CloudQA has expanded the capabilities of Selenium and provides you with:
- Data-driven testing
- Smart Record & Playback testing with screenshots
- Random data testing
- API testing
- Performance monitoring metrics for workflows of any complexity
- Configurable features monitoring
- Detailed test reporting
- Real browser support – Chrome & Firefox
- Out of the box 3rd party integrations (Slack, PagerDuty, etc.)
The Katalon Studio is the best option if you’re looking for a free tool with a wide choice of features. All frameworks, ALM integrations, and plugins are included in a single package for Windows, macOS, and Linux. With Katalon Studio, you get substantial technical support because there are 350K+ automation testers with YouTube channels, GitHub repositories, and Udemy courses dedicated to it. The interface is quite friendly so that you can run your first tests in a few minutes after the installation. Nevertheless, there’s always a “but.” Unlike CloudQA where even a non-technical person can create and run tests, working with Katalon requires some technical skills and knowledge.
It’s another codeless Selenium test automation tool. It provides you with some cool features like Security Testing or Requirements-based Testing, but if you need Test Script Reviews, you won’t find it here. TestCraft customers mention that sometimes random errors appear and they have to refresh the page which is time-consuming. Instead of working on the product’s problems, customers have to solve the problems with a testing tool.
Still Not Sure If Your Company Needs CloudQA? Read this!
Let’s schedule a brief call to discuss the benefits that only CloudQA can offer your business. Drop us a line and we’ll be happy to customize a short demo just for your case. In the meantime, see for yourself why businesses like yours choose CloudQA. Download our free whitepaper and read about the Challenges of testing Single Page Applications with Selenium.
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What Everybody Ought to Know About Web Services Automation
Web Services Testing Automation
Web services are those services wherein two applications or software or machines communicate with each other and exchange information, regardless of the underlying structure of the two things that are communicating. For example, if you want your site to display stock prices, you don’t have to go to the stock market and collect the prices to display them. There will be services that give you this information for a fee, and this is a web service.
Types of Web Services Implementation
Web services are mainly implemented in two basic ways –
- SOAP – SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol. This is a standard protocol that has been defined by the W3C Standard. It is used to send and receive web service requests and respond to them as well. This protocol uses XML formats to send and receive the web service requests. This means that the data is independent of the platform that is used to send or receive messages. It uses a simple http transport protocol, it isn’t blocked by firewall, and the messages are exchanged within the SOAP envelops of the two applications.
- REST – REST stands for Representational State Transfer. The structure of this runs over HTTP and emphasizes interactions between clients and services. These in turn are amplified by having only a limited number of operations. REST uses simple URL instead of SOAP’s XML, and unlike SOAP, REST applications use HTTP build in headers to relay metadata.
Thus, web services implemented in either way provides a continuous connection between two software applications, either over a private intranet or over the Internet. You need to test your web services in order to check the functionality of the service, load aspects of the service, and also to check whether or not it can handle not only one single client, but also is able to manage well when scaled up.
Web services testing will make sure that you don’t detect errors too late, which would ensure that you don’t have to make expensive and complicated repairs. When you test your web services, you make sure that not only do you stay one step ahead of possible errors, but also ensure that your system qualities are approved of at an earlier stage of development.
Automated testing is particularly helpful when you take into account the resource and time-saving qualities of test automation, which is carried over here as well. In fact, test automation is absolutely crucial to the web services testing process and provides a reliable and efficient base from which to assess function, performance, and scalability of web services.
What Is Included In The Testing Process?
Generally, web services testing include generating the coding framework, customized to the web service being used. The tester also has to define all test inputs, including variables and data. Next, the web service is invoked using either the client or the skeleton code. Once this is done, the skeleton code for the response is put in place, and the response itself is verified. Finally, the tester verifies whether or not the response that is received is at all similar to the expected response.
Why Should One Invest In Web Services Automation?
Nowadays, tools like CloudQA have made web services testing much easier than before. An integral part of the development process, there are several benefits to automating your web services testing.
The frameworks are completely customizable because they are developed in accordance to the needs of the client. The test suites themselves are entirely flexible, and the test cases can be configured to specifications. If you are using SOAP, then the headers and assertions can be set instantly. Whichever way you are implementing, your test script can be created with the least amount of coding, as tools like CloudQA streamline the process for you.
Additionally, all XML requests that have inputs are easily and quickly parsed, and there is little to no need for scripting by the final user. Testing automation also improves both the performance of your web services and their reliability. It makes SOAP and REST API-based web services much easier to test, besides supporting test case execution in the cloud. And finally, you also get a fully detailed report of the tests and a detailed test log, both for reference and for later analysis, besides ensuring complete coverage of all your functional tests.
With these many benefits, it is no wonder that the popularity of tools like CloudQA is on the rise!
If you want to learn more about being more productive with Test Automation, contact us at CloudQA (firstname.lastname@example.org)